CLAU0113 Ap. Claudius (123) Ap. f. M. n. Crassinus Inregillensis Sabinus

Status

  • Patrician
  • Nobilis Expand

    Cic. Rep. 2.37.62, Liv. 3.67.8, 4.15.5

Life Dates

  • 449, death - violent (Broughton MRR I) Expand

    Suicide.

Relationships

son of
Ap. Claudius (321) M. f. Sabinus Inregillensis (cos. 495) (RE)
brother of
? C. Claudius (322) Ap. f. M. n. Crassus? Inregillensis Sabinus (cos. 460) (DPRR Team)

Career

  • Consul 471 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The name of Claudius appears in full in Fast. Cap. on 451; that of Quinctius, based on the notices given above, is confirmed by those given under his other consular years. On his filiation, see Fast. Cap. on 460, since Cincinnatus was perhaps a brother. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 2.56.5; Diod. 11.67.1; Dion. Hal. 9.42.3, and 43.1; Chr. 354 (Inreligiense et Barbatus); Fast. Hyd. (Sabino et Capitolino); so also Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; Degrassi (91, 358). Claudius opposed, while Quinctius played the role of peace-maker, in the struggle leading to the passage of the Publilian law (see Tribunes of the Plebs). Claudius, in command against the Volscians, enforced discipline by using the punishment of decimation (Liv. 2.58.4-59.11; Dion. Hal. 9.50.3-7; cf. Val. Max. 9.3.5; Frontin. Str. 4.1.34; Flor. 1.17.2; App. Ital. 7; Zon. 7.17); Quinctius held command against the Aequi (Liv. 2.58.3-4, and 60.1-3; Dion. Hal. 9.50.1-2; Frontin. Str. 2.7.10). On Quinctius, see L├╝bker, no. 1. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Decemvir Consulari Imperio Legibus Scribundis 451 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Diod. preserves all or part of eight names, omitting Sestius and Curiatius, Fast. Cap. all or part of six with space for the rest, those of Sestius, Curiatius, Romilius and Postumius, which are supplied from the information on their consulships (Degrassi 26f., 94, 364f.). According to Dion. Hal. (10.56.2) they were all consulars, but this principle was not applied consistently in Livy or Fast. Cap. See notes 3 and 4. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Prepared and caused the enactment of ten tables of laws (Cic. Rep. 2.61; Liv. 3.33.1-36.2; Diod. 12.23.1; Dion. Hal. 10.56.1-2; Tac. Ann. 3.27; Gell. 11.18.6; 17.21.15; 20.1; Dig. 1.2.2.3-4 and 24; Zon. 7.18). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 451 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The authenticity of patrician Genucii is doubted (RE no. 12, and 7.1206). The name appears in Diod. (12.23) as {Gr}, while in Dion. Hal. it is {Gr} (10.54.2; cf. 10.56.2). On Claudius and his reported death in 470, see RE no. 123; and 470, Tribunes of the Plebs. On his Decemvirate, see also Suet. Tib. 2 (Claudius Regillianus). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Named as Consuls in Fast. Cap., Degrassi 26f., 94, 364f.; cf. Cic. Rep. 2.61; Chr. 354 (Sabino II et Augurino); but in other sources are listed as Consuls-elect, and then placed at the head of the board of Decemviri (Liv. 3.33.4; Dion. Hal. 10.54.4, and 56.1; Zon. 7.18). See also Dig. 1.2.2.4 and 24. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Decemvir Consulari Imperio Legibus Scribundis 450 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Livy and Dion. Hal. each preserve ten names. Diod. mentions ten and preserves seven with {Gr} for Poetelius and omission of Fabius, Antonius and Duillius. In Fast. Cap. there was space for ten; preserved are Ap. Claudius A[p. f. M. n.] Crass. Inrigill. Sabi[n. II]; M. Corn[elius-f. Se]r. n. Maluginens[is]; [- - - - - -] Esquilin.; [- - - - - Esqui]linus Auguri[n.]; [- - - -] Meren[da]. According to Dion. Hal., Poetelius, Duillius, and Oppius (with praenomen Servius in Zon. 7.18) were plebeians, and by implication the rest patricians. Antonius however and Rabuleius are names known only in plebeian connections, so probably the second board of Decemviri was composed equally of patricians and plebeians. See RE, s. vv. "Decemviri," "Antonius" 78, "Rabuleius" 2. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 3.35.9-11; Diod. 12.24.1; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 26f., 94, 366f.; Dion. Hal. 10.58.4-5; 11.23. They administered the government and{47} courts while preparing two more tables of laws, and refused to elect Consuls or successors (Cic. Rep. 2.61, and 63; Liv. 3.36.3-37.8; Dion. Hal. 10.59.1-60.6; Zon. 7.18). (Broughton MRR I)
    • According to Diod. (12.26.1), these laws were issued by the Consuls of 449, but Cicero (Rep. 2.63) has them added by the Decemviri. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Decemvir Consulari Imperio Legibus Scribundis 449 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Under the leadership of Ap. Claudius they continued illegally in office, against the wish of all classes. Invasions by Sabines and Aequi led to the dispatch of Fabius, Rabuleius, and Poetilius against the Sabines, and Cornelius, Minucius, Antonius and Sergius against the Aequi, where all were unsuccessful, while Claudius and Sp. Oppius remained in the city (Liv. 3.38.1-42.7; Dion. Hal. 11.2.1-23, 33.2, and 44.4; Zon. 7.18). In the schematic account given by our sources, the army was alienated by the murder of Siccius, and the Plebs by Claudius' attack on Verginia, and the Decemvirs were overthrown by a popular uprising. Claudius and Oppius escaped condemnation by suicide, the rest went into exile (Liv. 3.43-54, and 58; Diod. 12.24-25; Dion. Hal. 11.24-43, and 46; Zon. 7.18; cf. Cic. Rep. 2.63; Fin. 2.66; Val. Max. 6.1.2; Ascon. 77 C; Suet. Tib. 2.2; Flor. 1.17.24; Eutrop. 1.18; Ampel. 25.2; Pompon. in Dig. 1.2.2.24; Auct. Vir. Ill. 21; Oros. 2.13.3-7; Jerome Chr. p. 112 Helm). (Broughton MRR I)