CLAU1290 Ap. Claudius (103) Centho


  • Patrician


grandson of
? C. Claudius (104) Ap. f. C. n. Centho (cos. 240) (Brennan 2000)
son of
C. Claudius (105) Centho (son of? C. Claudius (104) Ap. f. C. n. Centho (cos. 240)) (RE)
brother of
? C. Claudius (106) Centho (son of? C. Claudius (105) Centho) (DPRR Team)


  • Aedilis Curulis 179 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 40.59.6. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Praetor 175 Hispania Citerior (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • On the Praetors of 175, see especially Münzer, APF 218f. (Broughton MRR I)
    • His command against the Celtiberi in Hither Spain in 174 reveals his rank and province in 175. See Liv. 41.26.1; cf. Obseq. 10. (Broughton MRR I)
    • p. 734 (Brennan 2000)
  • Triumphator 174 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Ovation ex Hispania Celtiberia. MRR I.404, Itgenshorst no. 198, Rich no. 197. (Rich 2014)
  • Proconsul 174 Hispania Citerior (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Proconsul in Hither Spain (Liv. 41.28.1; Act. Tr. Urbisalv.). Celebrated an ovation for his victory in Celtiberia (Liv. 41.26.1-5, and 28.3 and 6; Act. Tr. Cap. and Urbisalv., Degrassi 80f., 338f., 556; cf. Obseq. 10). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 170 Macedonia, Achaea (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Served under Hostilius in Greece and Macedonia (Liv. 43.9.6). Besieged Phanotes of Epirus, but was diverted by Perseus' advance, and suffered a defeat at the hands of Clevas, then led his forces back to Illyricum and returned to make a sacrifice at Rome (Liv. 43.21.4-5, and 23.1-6). Livy mistakenly attributes to him from annalistic sources Coelius' unsuccessful attempt to recapture Uscana near Lake Lychnidus (Liv. 43.9.6-7, 10.1-8, and 11.11; cf. 43.21.4). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul? 169 Illyria (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Mention of Lake Lychnidus in this passage probably identifies it with the account that attributes to Claudius Centho the operations of Coelius at Uscana. See 170. Since Marcius chose to work in secret, it is possible that Centho held an independent command. Compare however 170. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Apparently his command in Epirus was independent, since Philippus requested Polybius secretly to prevent the Achaeans from reinforcing him (Polyb. 28.13.7-14). Envoys from Rome late in 169 reported that his forces were weak and in danger (Liv. 44.20.5). See De Sanctis 4.1.307. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul? 168 Illyria (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Operated against King Gentius in Illyria until succeeded by Anicius (Liv. 44.30.10-15; see 169, Promagistrates). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Ambassador) 154 Asia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Against identification with Claudius Pulcher (294, Cos. 185) it may be pointed out that he would now be advanced in years and is not recorded in any public office since 174. Probably Ap. Claudius Centho (103), Pr. 175, is the better identification. The same considerations of age would oppose identifying Oppius with L. Oppius Salinator (32), Pr. 191. This Oppius however was probably already of praetorian rank at the time of the embassy, since he appears to be senior to Postumius. (Broughton MRR I)
    • These finally ended the war between Prusias and Attalus, by compelling the former to pay an indemnity both to Attalus and to the Greek cities of Methymna, Aegae, Cyme, and Ionian Heracleia (Polyb. 33.13.4-10; cf. App. Mith. 3; L. Robert, Ét. Anat. 110-115). See Lübker no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
    • On the succession of embassies from 156 to 154 caused by the hostilities between Prusias II of Bithynia and Attalus lI of Pergamum, see Chr. Habicht (Hermes 84, 1956, 90-116, and RE s. v. Prusias II), whose reordering of the relevant fragments of Polybius has been accepted by Walbank (Comm. Polyb. III, on 32.16.1; 33.1; 32.15.1-4; 33.7, 12.1-13.10, with references to earlier discussions on p. 540). See MRR 1.448-451. The attack on Attalus in 156 caused Lentulus to return to Rome with the Attalid prince Athenaeus, but before their arrival a doubting Senate had sent L. Appuleius and C. Petronius. The report of Lentulus and Athenaeus led to the immediate appointment, probably late in 156, of a new embassy, C. Claudius Centho, L. Hortensius and C. Aurunculeius, who reached Pergamum in the spring of 155 in time to arrange a conference which was ruined by Pharnaces' treachery, to be immured in Pergamum and to see the havoc Pharnaces caused. By autumn they had returned to Rome, and a commission of ten was sent, led by L. Anicius Gallus, C. Fannius Strabo, and Q. Fabius Maximus Aemilianus, late in 155 or early in 154, who observed Attalus' victorious counterattack and returned. Finally, in summer 154, a new embassy, Ap. Claudius Centho, L. Oppius, and A. Postumius Albinus, secured peace between the two kings, and the payment of indemnities by Prusias to Attalus and the Greek cities. See also L. Robert, Et. Anat. 110-115. (Broughton MRR III)