RUTI1596 P. Rutilius (34) P. f. Rufus

Named in inscriptions relating to the construction of a theater at Capua (AEpig. 1957, no. 267-ILLRP 712, cf. 518). (Broughton MRR III)


  • Nobilis Expand

    Quint. Declam. Min. 300.9

Life Dates

  • 158?, birth (Sumner Orators) Expand

    Sumner R77, Develin p. 90 (by 158), Evans & Kleijwegt p. 194 (ca. 158).

  • 92, exiled (Kelly 2006) Expand

    Never restored. Kelly no. 25, Alexander no. 94.

  • After 75?, death (DPRR Team) Expand

    Cic. ND 3.80.


son of
P. Rutilius (8) (tr. pl. 169) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Frontin. strat. IV 1.12

? P. Rutilius (12) Calvus (pr. 166) (Brennan 2000)
brother of
Rutilia (38) (daughter of? P. Rutilius (8) (tr. pl. 169)) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Cic. Brut. 113ff., Cic. de orat. I 229, Cic. nat. deor. III 80

? C. Rutilius (33) Rufus (son of? P. Rutilius (8) (tr. pl. 169)) (Zmeskal 2009)
married to
Livia (34) (daughter of? C. Livius (14) M. f. M. n. Drusus (cos. 147)) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Plin. n.h. VII 158, Val. Max. VIII 13.6


  • Tribunus Militum 134 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • With Scipio were also C. Marius and C. Lucilius (Vell. 2.9.4, on Lucilius; Vell. 2.9.4; Val Max. 8.15.7; Plut. Mar. 3.2-4, and 13.2, on Marius). Marius' position is uncertain, perhaps an eques (Plut. Mar. 13.2), for this service precedes his military tribunate (Sall. Iug. 63.3). Lucilius is termed an eques but as the brother, and later the brother-in-law also, of a senator, could have had an official positio on Scipio's staff (see Cichorius, Untersuch. Lucil. 14ff., 24ff.). (Broughton MRR I)
    • All served under Scipio at Numantia (Memmius: Frontin. Str. 4.1.1; Plut. Apophth. Scip. Min. 17. Rutilius: App. Ib. 88; Cic. Rep. 1.17; Suidas, s. v. {Gr}. Asellio: Gell. 2.13.3, the historian. Gracchus: Plut. TG 13.1, not specifically termed Tr. Mil.). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Militum 133 (Broughton MRR I)
  • Repulsa (Tr. Pl.) before 120 (Pina Polo 2012) Expand
    • pp. 65-72 (Pina Polo 2012)
  • Praetor before 117 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Münzer favors a date in 119, when associates and connections of Rutilius were Consuls (see RE), but this would be an equally favorable factor in 118. (Broughton MRR I)
    • The latest date possible under the Lex Villia, for he was defeated for the consulship of 115 by M. Aemilius Scaurus (Cic. De Or. 2.280; Brut. 113; Tac. Ann. 3.66). (Broughton MRR I)
    • p. 742, footnote 168 (Brennan 2000)
  • Repulsa (Cos.) 115 (Pina Polo 2012) Expand
    • pp. 65-72 (Pina Polo 2012)
  • Legatus (Ambassador) 113 Crete (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The date of this embassy is set approximately by the course of the disputes in eastern Crete as revealed by the inscriptions cited above and by other inscriptions connected with these disputes (I. Cret. 1.16, nos 3, 4A, 4B, 5, and 18). Mention of the Athenian archon Sarapio provides a terminus post quem in 116 (I. Cret. 1.16.4B, partly repeated in REA 44.35, no. c), and the embassy had reported to the Senate in Rome before June, 112 (I. Cret. 3.4.9, and 10). After 116 there was time for Olus and Lato to come to hostilities, receive an arbitral judgment from Cnossos, and then after further difficulties have that judgment confirmed by the Roman embassy (documents in I. Cret. 1,{538} and REA, above). On the other hand, the hostilities between Itanos and Hierapytna were discussed in the Roman Senate under the Consuls of 115 and 114 (I. Cret. 3.4.10). The embassy under Fabius was sent to Crete, and its report guided the Senate in its deliberations under the Consul of 112. The most probable date for the sending of the embassy is 113. See, most recently, M. Guarducci, Epigraphica 9 (1947) 32-35 (published March, 1949). (Broughton MRR I)
    • This embassy was sent to Crete to intervene in the disputes between a number of cities of eastern Crete, Hierapytna and Itanos, and{537} Olus and Lato, with their respective allies Gortyn and Cnossos, which had led to local wars (H. van Effenterre, REA 44 [1942] 31-51, esp. 36, with all five names; and M. Guarducci, I. Cret. 3.4.9, lines 74ff., and 10, lines 68ff., with mention of Q. Fabius as head of an embassy). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 109 Numidia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Served under Metellus in Numidia (Sall. Iug. 50.1; 52-53). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 108 Numidia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Served under Metellus in Numidia (see 109 and 107, Legates). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 107 Numidia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Served under Metellus in Numidia where he carried out the transfer of Metellus' army to Marius (Sall. Iug. 86.5; Plut. Mar. 10.1). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 105 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • CIL 1 .2.698; IG 12.3.173- IGRP 4.1028; Fast. Ant., Degrassi 162f. ([- - - - Ruf]us, [Cn. M]alli. Cn. f.); Val. Max. 2.3.2; Obseq. 42; Eutrop. 5.1.1; Chr. 354 (Rufo et Maximo); Fast. Hyd. (Rufo et Mallio), so also Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; Ennod. Pan. Theod. p. 284 Hartel; and on Mallius, Cic. Mur. 36; Planc. 12; Liv. Per. 67; Tac. Germ. 37; Oros. 5.16.1; and see Fast. Cap., Degrassi 54f. ([Cn. Malliu]s Cn. f. M[aximus]), 128, 476f. Mallius and the Proconsul Servilius Caepio failed to cooperate in Gaul against the Cimbri and the Teutoni, and both suffered disasters, in the course of which Mallius lost his two sons, a Legate, and most of his army (Liv. Per. 67; Flor. 1.38.4; Gran. Lic. 17 B; Dio 27, fr. 91.1-4; Eutrop. 5.1.1; Oros. 5.16.1-7, quoting Antias fr. 63 Peter; cf. Sall. Iug. 114.1; Vell. 2.12.2; Tac. Germ. 37; Plut. Mar. 19.2; Luc. 27.7; Sert. 3.1; Veget. RM 3.10; Ps.-Quintil. Decl. 3.13), and was himself condemned and exiled in 103 (Cic. De Or. 2.125; Gran. Lic. 21 B; see 103, Tribunes of the Plebs). Rutilius meantime had charge in Rome and Italy (IG 12.3.173), and after the disasters in Gaul carried emergency measures binding all ablebodied men throughout Italy by oath (Gran. Lic. 21 B), raised new legions (Frontin. Str. 4.1.12, and 2.2), and gave them special training by masters of gladiators (Val. Max. 2.3.2; cf. Ennod. Pan. Theod. 2 p. 284 Hartel). He probably established by law special Military Tribunes appointed by the Consul (Fest. s. v. "Rufuli," 316-317 L; cf. Liv. 7.5.9). 3 (Broughton MRR I)
    • See Mommsen, Ges. Schr. 7.517f., and the discussion in RE 1 A. 1273. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 97 Asia (Broughton MRR II) Expand
    • 6 Pomponius' statement (Dig. that Rutilius was a Proconsul in Asia is probably an error for Legatus, or Legatus pro praetore, as he might have been called in the months after Seaevola's return. If Rutilius was ever Proconsul in Asia it was either ca. 117 B. C. after his praetorship or in 104 after his consulship. His case became a proverbial example of unjust condemnation. (Cic Font. 38; Pis. 95; Rab. Perd. 27; Scaur. fr. 4 in Ascon. 210; De Or. 1.227-231; Brut. 115; ND 3.80 and 86; Liv. Per. 70; Vell. 2.13.2; Senec. Dial. 1.3.4 and 7; 6.22.3; 7.18.3; 9.16. 1; Ep. Mor. 24.4; 67.7; 79.14; 98.12; Quintil. Inst. Or. 5.2.4; 11. 1.2; Min. Felix 5.12; Dio 28, fr. 97.3; Ps.-Cic. Prid. Discess. in Exil. 28.) (Broughton MRR II)
    • Served under Mucius Scaevola in Asia, and drew upon himself the special hatred of the knights, who in spite of his evident innocence revenged themselves in 92 by condemning him for extortion in sums beyond his means and sending him into exile (Posidonius in Athen. 4.66, 168D-FGrH 2A.27, p. 233; Cic. De Or. 1.229-230; Brut. 85 and 115; Font. 38; Pis. 95; ND 3.80 and 86; Diod. 37.5.1; Liv. Per. 70; Vell. 2.13.2; Val. Max. 2.10.5; 6.4.4; Senec. Benef. 5.17.12; 6.37.2; Ep. Mor. 24.3; Tac. Ann. 4.43; Flor. 2.5.3; Dio 28, fr. 97.1-3; Oros. 5.17.12-13; Ps.-Ascon. 202 Stangl, a Quaestor!). (Broughton MRR II)