SERV1734 C. Servilius (65) Glaucia

Life Dates

  • 142?, birth (Sumner Orators) Expand

    Sumner R168.

  • 100, death - violent (Broughton MRR I) Expand

    Murdered in riot.


  • Quaestor before 108 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • A senator in 102 (App. BC 1.28), so probably a Quaestor before the census of 108. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Plebis 101 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • According to Appian (BC 1.28) he was at once Praetor ({Gr}), and presiding officer at the election of the Tribunes of the Plebs ({Gr}). But such an official must have been a Tribune himself, with considerably more to do than exercise the "oversight" which Mommsen claimed for the Praetor (Str. 1.141, and 518; 2.278). The continuations of offices mentioned by Velleius (2.12.6) refer to the attempt of Saturninus to continue as Tribune after 100, and of Glaucia, Pr. 100, to become Consul in 99. The Lex Servilia Glauciae must follow that of Caepio in 106, and his tribunate, which Mommsen placed before 111 on the ground that the Lex Acilia had been superseded by that time (Strafr. 709; Jur. Schr. 1.18-22), is best dated in 101 (Niccolini, FTP 196-198; see 103, Tribunes of the Plebs, on Saturninus, and notes 4-8). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Presided over the tribunician elections for 100, in the course of which a successful candidate, Nonius, was murdered, and Saturninus hastily elected to his place (App. BC 1.28; cf. Liv. Per. 69; Val. Max. 9.7.3; Plut. Mar. 29.1; Flor. 2.4.1; Auct. Vir. Ill. 73.5; Oros. 5.17.3; Augustin. CD 3.26). To his tribunate should be attributed the Lex Servilia Glauciae, which dealt once more with the quaestio de repetundis (Cic. Scaur. fr. d, and Ascon. 21 C; cf. Val. Max. 8.1.8), making the juries wholly equestrian{572} again (Cic. Scaur. fr. d; Rab. Perd. 20; Brut. 224; Ascon. 21, and 79 C), and providing for the recovery of funds from ultimate recipients as well as immediate culprits (Cic. Rab. Post. 9). There were provisions also that Latins who succeeded in a prosecution under this law should receive Roman citizenship (Cic. Balb. 54); for a recess during public trials (comperendinatio, Cic. Verr. 2.1.26; Ps.-Ascon. 230 Stangl); and perhaps also that those who were convicted under it should be debarred from addressing public meetings (Auct. Ad Herenn. 1.20). (Broughton MRR I)
    • See MRR 1.571, 573, note 2. Last (CAH 9.162f.) and[195x] Balsdon (PBSR 14, 1938, 107 and 113) pointed out that Glaucia may have been a tribune either in 104 or in 101, in each case in a year preceding a tribunate of Saturninus. The relevant passage of Appian (BC 1.28) is confused but the association he makes with the murder of Nunnius and the second tribunate of Saturninus favors a date in 101. Appian (loc. cit.) appears to say that Glaucia presided as praetor over the election of tribunes, a function which only a tribune could have performed. (On possible praetorian ""oversight,"" see Mommsen, StR 1?.141, 518; 2?.278.) Perhaps the situation was that Saturninus looked to be tribune in a year when Glaucia was praetor, and that it was as a tribune in 101 Glaucia presided over the election of tribunes for 100, before he was himself elected a praetor for that year. Tibiletti considers the Latin Lex Tabulae Bantinae to be probably a portion of the Lex Servilia Glauciae, but favors a date early in 100 (Athenaeum 31, 1953, 1-100, esp. 66-73, 83-85). Since Glaucia was a senator at the time of the census of 102-101 in a period when the quaestorship did not as yet provide automatic entrance to the Senate (Mommsen, StR 3.862f.), he is inclined to date Glaucia's tribunate before the previous censorship in 108-107 (an impossible date for a law which must be later than the Lex Servilia Caepionis of 106), and to admit the possibility that the confused notice in Appian (BC 1.28) may refer to a second tribunate rather than a praetorship in 101. But E. Gabba is inclined to accept the view that Glaucia entered the Senate in virtue of having held the quaestorship before 108 (Athenaeum 33, 1955, 218ff.; and Comm. on App. BC 1.28), and held the tribunicial elections for 101, before his own election as praetor for 100." (Broughton MRR III)
    • p. 257-63 (Thommen 1989)
  • Praetor 100 Rome (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • In alliance with Saturninus, he illegally became a candidate for the consulship of 99, and during the disorders on December 10 when his{575} confederates were crushed he was dragged from the house of a certain Claudius and put to death (Cic. Cat. 1.4; 3.15, and Schol. Gron. 284 Stangl; Schol. Clun. 270 Stangl; Rab. Perd. 20; Planc. 88; Har. Resp. 51; Phil. 8.15; Brut. 224; Liv. Per. 69; Vell. 2.12.6; Val. Max. 3.2.18; App. BC 1.31-32; Flor. 2.4.4; Dio 28, fr. 95; Auct. Vir. Ill. 73.9-11; Ampel. 26.3; Oros. 5.17.9; Schol. Bob. 95, 113, 174 Stangl; Augustin. CD 3.26; see Consuls; and Tribunes of the Plebs, on Saturninus). (Broughton MRR I)
    • p. 746, footnote 248 (Brennan 2000)