SERG0174 M. Sergius (24) Esquilinus


  • Patrician
  • Nobilis Expand

    Cic. Rep. 2.37.62, Liv. 3.67.8

Life Dates

  • 449, exiled (Broughton MRR I) Expand

    No record of restoration.


  • Decemvir Consulari Imperio Legibus Scribundis 450 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Livy and Dion. Hal. each preserve ten names. Diod. mentions ten and preserves seven with {Gr} for Poetelius and omission of Fabius, Antonius and Duillius. In Fast. Cap. there was space for ten; preserved are Ap. Claudius A[p. f. M. n.] Crass. Inrigill. Sabi[n. II]; M. Corn[elius-f. Se]r. n. Maluginens[is]; [- - - - - -] Esquilin.; [- - - - - Esqui]linus Auguri[n.]; [- - - -] Meren[da]. According to Dion. Hal., Poetelius, Duillius, and Oppius (with praenomen Servius in Zon. 7.18) were plebeians, and by implication the rest patricians. Antonius however and Rabuleius are names known only in plebeian connections, so probably the second board of Decemviri was composed equally of patricians and plebeians. See RE, s. vv. "Decemviri," "Antonius" 78, "Rabuleius" 2. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Sergius' praenomen is not preserved in Fast. Cap. Diod. has {Gr}, and Livy M. (or L., 3.41.10), while Dion. Hal. (11.23) has {Gr}. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 3.35.9-11; Diod. 12.24.1; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 26f., 94, 366f.; Dion. Hal. 10.58.4-5; 11.23. They administered the government and{47} courts while preparing two more tables of laws, and refused to elect Consuls or successors (Cic. Rep. 2.61, and 63; Liv. 3.36.3-37.8; Dion. Hal. 10.59.1-60.6; Zon. 7.18). (Broughton MRR I)
    • According to Diod. (12.26.1), these laws were issued by the Consuls of 449, but Cicero (Rep. 2.63) has them added by the Decemviri. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Decemvir Consulari Imperio Legibus Scribundis 449 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Under the leadership of Ap. Claudius they continued illegally in office, against the wish of all classes. Invasions by Sabines and Aequi led to the dispatch of Fabius, Rabuleius, and Poetilius against the Sabines, and Cornelius, Minucius, Antonius and Sergius against the Aequi, where all were unsuccessful, while Claudius and Sp. Oppius remained in the city (Liv. 3.38.1-42.7; Dion. Hal. 11.2.1-23, 33.2, and 44.4; Zon. 7.18). In the schematic account given by our sources, the army was alienated by the murder of Siccius, and the Plebs by Claudius' attack on Verginia, and the Decemvirs were overthrown by a popular uprising. Claudius and Oppius escaped condemnation by suicide, the rest went into exile (Liv. 3.43-54, and 58; Diod. 12.24-25; Dion. Hal. 11.24-43, and 46; Zon. 7.18; cf. Cic. Rep. 2.63; Fin. 2.66; Val. Max. 6.1.2; Ascon. 77 C; Suet. Tib. 2.2; Flor. 1.17.24; Eutrop. 1.18; Ampel. 25.2; Pompon. in Dig.; Auct. Vir. Ill. 21; Oros. 2.13.3-7; Jerome Chr. p. 112 Helm). (Broughton MRR I)