CORN0239 A. Cornelius (112) M. f. L. n. Cossus


  • Patrician
  • Nobilis Expand

    Juv. Sat. 8.1-32


son of
M. Cornelius (246) - f. Ser. n. Maluginensis (X vir consul. imp. leg. scrib. 450) (RE)
brother of
? P. Cornelius (307) M. f. L. n. Rutilus Cossus (dict. 408) (DPRR Team)
? M. Cornelius (247) (M. f. L. n.) Maluginensis (cos. 436) (DPRR Team)
father of
P. Cornelius (119) A. f. M. n. Cossus (tr. mil. c. p. 408) (RE)
Cn. Cornelius (116) A. f. M. n. Cossus (cos. 409) (RE)


  • Tribunus Militum 437 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • See Dessau, Hermes 41 (1906) 143ff.; Hirschfeld, Kl. Schr. 398ff.; CAH 7.507f.; 10.125f.; Bishop, Latomus 7 (1948) 187ff. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Livy follows the dominant literary tradition in placing Cossus' exploit, the winning and dedication of the spolia opima, in this year (Liv. 4.19.1-6, 20.5, and 32.4; Dion. Hal. 12.5 ({Gr}); Serv. ad Aen. 6.841, consulari potestate), but Augustus claimed the discovery in the temple of Jupiter Feretrius of the corslet of Tolumnius with an inscription dating it to his consulship in 428 (Liv. 4.20.5-11; cf. Varro in Fest. 204 L). Other sources place the exploit in 426 (Val. Max. 3.2.4; Frontin. Str. 2.8.9; Auct. Vir. Ill. 25). See also Plut. Rom. 16; Mar. 8; Propert. 4.10.23ff.; Ovid fr. 3 in Priscian 5.13, GLK 2.149, app. crit.; Manil. 1.788; Flor. 1.6.9; Serv. ad Aen. 6.855; Ampel. 21. See 428 and 426, on Cossus. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Tr. Mil. c. p. 426, Tr. mil. 437. In MRR 1.59, 437 B.C., and note 2, add references to R. M. Ogilvie, Comm. Liv. 563-567, on 4.20.5-11; T. J. Luce, TAPhA 96, 1965, 209-240, esp. 209-218, 238-240. (Broughton MRR III)
  • Pontifex Maximus? 431 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • He may be the famous Cornelius Cossus (see Münzer, RE). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 4.27.1. Mentioned as Pont. Max. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 428 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The order of Consuls as given above follows the traditional text of Livy, which is supported by the evidence of Diodorus, who also lists another pair of Consuls (b. above) before the pair next listed in Livy, and by the Chronographers based on the Fasti Capitolini, but cannot be reconciled with Livy 4.30.15 and 4.31.1, which make Cossus and Quinctius Poenus the Consuls of 427. Conway and Walters, noting erasure in D of marks opposite 4.30.4 and 12, wish to transfer the passage "nihil dignum... iterum" from § 4 to § 12, after "dilatae sunt." This would make Livy consistent with himself but bring him into disagreement with the balance of evidence in Diod. and Fast. Cap.; and the Consuls now listed under 427 should be moved to 428. I follow here the traditional order but note an attractive suggestion. On Cossus, see 437, 426. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 4.30.4, cf. 20.8-9; Diod. 12.75.1; Chr. 354 (Cosso et Cincinnato II); Fast. Hyd. (Cosso et Poeno); so also Chr. Pase.; Cassiod.; cf. Dion. Hal. 12.6. See Degrassi 95, 374f. Plutarch (Rom. 16) and Festus (204 L) place Cossus' triumph in this year (cf. Liv. 4.19-20). On Cossus' triumph and the spolia opima, see Degrassi 537f.; and above, 437, Tribunes of the Soldiers. On Quinctius, see Lübker no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 428 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Veientibus. MRR I.65, Itgenshorst p. 263, Rich no. 41. (Rich 2014)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate 426 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 4.31.1; Diod. 12.80.1; Chr. 354 (Cosso et Fiso); Degrassi 96, 374f. Postumius and Quinctius served under the Dictator against Veii (Liv. 4.40.4, and 41.10). On Quinctius, see Lübker no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Magister Equitum 426 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 4.31.5, 33.7-8, and 34.4-5; Diod. 12.80.7; Val. Max. 3.2.4; Frontin. Str. 2.8.9; Degrassi 96, 374f. See 437 and 428. (Broughton MRR I)