VALE2536 M. Valerius (268) M. f. Lem.? Messalla Rufus


  • Patrician
  • Nobilis Expand

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 51.149 ("[M?] Messalla")

Life Dates

  • 119?, birth (Rüpke 2005)
  • 26?, death (Rüpke 2005)


son of
Hortensia (15) (daughter of? Q.? Hortensius (5) (cos.? 108)) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Cic. ad Q. fr. III 9.3, Cic. Att. V 12.2

M. Valerius (B) Messalla (son of? M'.? Valerius (248) Messalla (pr. c. 120)) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Cic. Ad Q. Frat. 3.9.3, Cic. Att. 5.12.2, VM 5.9.2

brother of
Valeria (389) (daughter of M. Valerius (B) Messalla) (RE)
father of
? M. Valerius (254) Messalla (son of? M. Valerius (268) M. f. Lem.? Messalla Rufus (cos. 53)) (Zmeskal 2009)
adoptive father of
? M. Valerius (260) Messalla Barbatus Appianus (son of? Ap. Claudius (298) C. f. Ap. n. Pulcher (cos. 38)) (Zmeskal 2009)


  • Augur? 77 to after 31 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • An Augur for 55 years (Macrob. Sat. 1.9.14, and 16.28; cf. Gen. 13. 14.5, and 15, and 16; Fest. 476 L). (Broughton MRR II)
    • A probable member of this college of priests about 31 B. C. In a number of instances the exact date when a priest became a member of his college is not known, and the conjecture is based on evidence of seniority such as the date of the consulship or some other office. The list of the Quindecimviri is based on Miss Hoffman's observation that the names listed in connection with the Saecular Games in 17 B. C. are arranged in the order of entrance into the college (see AJPh 73 [19521289-294). The names given below are drawn from Miss Hoffman's dissertation, The Membership of the Four Major Colleges of Priests from 44 B. C. to 37 A. D. (Bryn Mawr, 1951, available in microfilm). The vacancies caused by the civil wars and the proscriptions were promptly filled with partisans of Antony and Octavian or persons who were restored in 39 by the Treaty of Misenum, for in 36 Messalla Corvinus was added to the college as a supernumerary member. See Dio 48.36.4; 49.16.1; cf. 48.43.2. (Broughton MRR II)
    • See 50, Augurs. It is not known to how late a date his fifty-five years in the augurate extended. (Broughton MRR II)
  • Praetor c. 62 (Broughton MRR II) Expand
    • A candidate in 63 (Cic. Sull. 42). See Münzer, Gent. Val. 53, no. 60. (Broughton MRR II)
    • p. 753, footnote 430 (Brennan 2000)
  • Consul 53 (Broughton MRR II) Expand
    • CIL 12.2.930, cf. 944, 2663c; Cic. QF 3.8.3; Ascon. 48 C; Plut. Pomp. 54.3; Dio 40, Index, and 17.1; Chr. 354 (Carvino et Messalla); Fast. Hyd. (Balbino et Messala), so also Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; Macrob. Sat. 1.9.14. See Degrassi 132, 494f.; and on Valerius, Münzer, Gent. Val. 53, no. 60. Their election delayed by the scandals of 54 (see 54, Consuls) and the subsequent disorders, they finally entered office in July (Plut. Pomp. 54.2-3; Dio 40.45.1; cf. Cic. QF 3.8.3-4, and 9.2-5; Fam. 2.5.2; App. BC 3.19). Their attempts in turn to hold the elections for 52 were frustrated by the rowdyism of the consular candidates Milo and Plautius Hypsaeus and the praetorian candidate Clodius (Cic. Aer. Alien. Mil. fr. 7, and Schol. Bob. 172 Stangl; Dio 40.46.2-3; cf. Cic. Mil. passim, esp. 24ff.; Ascon. 30-31 C). (Broughton MRR II)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant)? 48 (Broughton MRR II) Expand
    • 9 The identification is uncertain, but the Consul of 53 is a more probable one than the young M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus, whose age in 48 was 21 years. (Broughton MRR II)
    • Legate of Caesar, perhaps in 48 (D.-G. 3.700), certainly in 46 (Bell. Afr. 2 8). (Broughton MRR II)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 47 Sicilia (Broughton MRR II) Expand
    • Legate of Caesar, who was in danger from mutinous soldiers at Messana (Bell. Afr. 28.2; cf. Cic. Att. 11.22.2). (Broughton MRR II)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 46 Africa (Broughton MRR II) Expand
    • See 47, Legates. He served under Caesar in Africa, and after the battle of Thapsus was sent to occupy Utica (Bell. Afr. 86; 88; cf. 28). (Broughton MRR II)
  • Legatus (Lieutenant) 45 Hispania (Broughton MRR II) Expand
    • See 47, and 46, Legates. He served under Caesar in Spain (Cic. Fam. 6.18.2; Att. 13.9.2). (Broughton MRR II)