VALE0003 P. Valerius (302) Volus. f. - n. Poplicola


  • Patrician

Life Dates

  • 503, death (DPRR Team) Expand

    Cic. Leg. 2.23.58, Liv. 2.16.7, VM 4.4.1, Plut. Cor. 33.1.


son of
Volus. Valerius (89) (father of M. Valerius (74) Volus. f. (Volusus)? (cos. 505)) (RE)
brother of
M. Valerius (74) Volus. f. (Volusus)? (cos. 505) (RE)
M'. Valerius (243) Volus. f. Maximus (dict. 494) (RE)
Valeria (385) (sacerdos Fortuna Muliebris 488) (RE)
father of
? M. Valerius (73) (son of? P. Valerius (302) Volus. f. - n. Poplicola (cos. suff. 509)) (DPRR Team)
Valeria (386) (daughter of P. Valerius (302) Volus. f. - n. Poplicola (cos. suff. 509)) (RE)
P. Valerius (301) P. f. Volus. n. Poplicola (cos. 475) (RE)


  • Consul Suffectus 509 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Elected as successor to Tarquinius Collatinus (Liv. 2.2; Dion. Hal. 5.12; Val. Max. 2.4.5, primus consul; 4.4.1; Plin. NH 36.112; Plut. Popl. 7; Eutrop. 1.9.4; Augustine CD 3.16), Valerius was credited with popular legislation which earned him the cognomen Publicola: 1. a law admitting the right of appeal to the people (Cic. Rep. 2.5.3; Acad. Pr. 2.13; Liv. 2.8; 3.20; cf. 10.9.5; Dion. Hal. 5.19.4, and 70.2; Val. Max. 4.1.1; Plut. Popl. 10-11; Auct. Vir. Ill. 15; Dig. and 23); 2. against attempts to seize the kingship (Liv. 2.8.2; Dion. Hal. 5.19.4; Plut. Popl. 12.1, cf. 11.2); 3. on freedom of candidacy (Plut. Popl. 11.1); 4. on taxes (ibid. 11.3; cf. Liv. 2.9.6); 5. on fines (Plut. Popl. 11.3-4); 6. on appointment of Quaestors (Plut. Popl. 12.2-3; Zon. 7.13; cf. Tac. Ann. 11.22; Dig.; 7. and was granted publicly a place for a dwelling on the Velia (Cic. Har. Resp. 16; Ascon. 13 C, from Varro) but responded to criticism by moving to the foot of the hill (Liv. 2.7; Dion. Hal. 5.19.1-2; Plut. Popl. 10.2-4; Auct. Vir. Ill. 15.3). After Brutus' death he presided over the election of Sp. Lucretius (see below). He celebrated a triumph for the victory over the Etruscans in which Brutus met his death (Liv. 2.7.3; Dion. Hal. 5.17.2; Act. Tr., Degrassi 64f., 535; Val. Max. 1.8.5; Plut. Popl. 9.5; Rom. 16). On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 9ff. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 509 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Veientibus et Tarquiniensibus. MRR I.3, Itgenshorst p. 262, Rich no. 16. (Rich 2014)
  • Consul 508 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 2.8.9; Dion. Hal. 5.20; Plut. Popl. 16.2; Chr. 354 (Publicola II et Tricipitino); Fast. Hyd. (Publicola et Lucretio), so also Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; Zon. 7.12-13; Degrassi 88, 348f. Valerius led in resisting Porsenna and (perhaps in the following years ) in making peace with him (Liv. 2.8.9-14.9; Dion. Hal. 5.21.1-35.3; Plut. Popl. 16.2-19.5; Comp. Sol. et Popl. 4; Dio fr. 12-13; Zon. 7.12). A war-tax, the census, and the founding of Signuria (Signia ?) are attributed to these Consuls (Dion. Hal. 5.20.1; Plut. Popl. 16.2). On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 9ff. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Dionysius places the whole story of Porsenna, with the episodes of Horatius, Mucius Scaevola, and Cloelia, in 507; while Plutarch seems to place those of Mucius, and Cloelia, and the conclusion of peace in that year. Livy omits 507 altogether, and dates these events in 508. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 507 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Livy omits both Consuls (but see 2.16.2, Valerius quartum; and the crit. app. to 2.15.1). Dionysius places Porsenna's attack in this year, and also the dedication of the Capitoline temple by Horatius (see 509, 508, and Dion. Hal. 2.35.3; Tac. Hist. 3.72). See below, 506. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Dion. Hal. 5.21; Chr. 354 (Publicola III et Pulbillio); Fast. Hyd. (Publicola II et Publilio); so also Chr. Pasc. ({Gr} for Publilio); Cassiod.; and on Horatius, Tac. Hist. 3.72. See Degrassi 88, 348f. On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 9ff. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul? 506 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Apparently both the consular lists for this year and the text of Livy alike became confused, though it is clear that two colleges of Consuls were once{7} named in Livy. If Valerius and Lucretius are referred to the college of 507 which Livy omits (see 507) the total number of consulships of Valerius as reported in Livy will accord with the general tradition, but P. Lucretius is either a corruption of Sp. Larcius or is inserted instead of Horatius through confusion with Valerius' colleague in 508 and 504, T. Lucretius. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 2.15.1. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 504 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 2.16.2; Dion. Hal. 5.40.1; Plut. Popl. 21.1; Chr. 354 (Publicola IIII et Tribicitino); Chr. Pasc. (Publicola III et Lucretio II), so also Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod. See Degrassi 88, 350f. Both Consuls celebrated triumphs for victories over the Sabines and the Veientanes which resulted in the capture of Fidenae (Liv. 2.16.2-9; Dion. Hal. 5.40.1-43.2; Act. Tr., Degrassi 64, 536, Valerius only; Plut. Popl. 21.1-23.2; Auct. Vir. Ill. 15; Zon. 7.13). They also welcomed Attus Clausus to Rome and enrolled him in the Senate (Liv., Dion. Hal., Plut., Zon.). On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 9ff. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 504 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Sabineis et Veientibus. MRR I.7, Itgenshorst p. 262, Rich no. 19. (Rich 2014)