FURI0340 M. Furius (44) L. f. Sp. n. Camillus


  • Patrician
  • Nobilis Expand

    Liv. 9.34.6 (all censors between lex Aemilia and 310 "nobilissimi... viri"), Quint. Declam. Min. 300.9, [Acro.] Hor. Carm. 1.12

Life Dates

  • 448?, birth (DPRR Team) Expand

    App. Celt. 1.1 (in 81st year in 367).

  • 391, exiled (Kelly 2006) Expand

    Kelly pp. 70, 239-40.

  • 390, restored (Kelly 2006) Expand

    Kelly pp. 70, 239-40.

  • 365, death (DPRR Team) Expand

    Pestilence. Liv. 7.1.8-10, Liv. Per. 7, Plut. Cam., Zon. 7.24.


father of
? Sp. Furius (48) M. f. L. n. Camillus (pr. 366) (Brennan 2000)
L. Furius (41) M. f. L. n. Camillus (cos. 349) (RE)


  • Censor 403 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Fast. Cap. (names entire, except C[amillus], and [M.] Postumius, etc.); Degrassi 28f., 98, 380f. They imposed taxes on bachelors, and on orphans (Val. Max. 2.9.1; Plut. Cam. 2.2). As before (see 410), Livy's praenomen M. for Aemilius is corrected to M'., and the cognomen is Mamercus. Manius Claudius in Diod. is probably a fusion of the two names. The readings in Livy for Iulius' cognomen (Rullus and Tullus) are corrected as in other to cases to Iullus; see 489, note 1. Borghese and Henzen were inclined to identify Claudius Crassus with Claudius Crassus Inregillensis, Dict. 362 and Cos. 349, but Degrassi (98) notes that Inregillensis never stood in Fast. Cap. for 403 and doubts the probability of the same person holding these two offices after such a lapse of time. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate? 403 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Fast. Cap. preserves the following names: [- - - - -]ius Mam. f. M. n. M[amerc]in. II; [- - - Clau]dius P. f. Ap. n. [Crass]us; [- - Qui]nctilius L. f. L. n. [Var]us; M. Fur[ius-f.-n.] Fusus; L. Iuli[us Sp. f. Vopisci n.] Iulus; Val. entire, numeral III. Chr. 354 has Mamertino et Fuso. Fast. Cap. and Diod. indicate only six (Diod. lists five) Military Tribunes, while Livy mentions eight. In his list five names agree with those in the other sources, but he has M. Postumius for Furius Fusus, and his final two, Camillus and Postumius Albinus, appear in Fast. Cap., Val. Max. and Plutarch as Censors. Livy or his source has probably incorporated the Censors of this year in the list of Military Tribunes. Belcoh thinks that they were Military Tribunes with censorial powers (RG 77ff.). Substitution of M. Postumius for M. Furius is probably only a slip (RE, no. 60). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 5.1.2; Diod. 14.35.1; Fast. Cap., note 1; Chr. 354; Degrassi 28f., 98, 380f. Claudius remained in charge at Rome while the rest were serving against Veii (Liv. 5.2.13-7.1). On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 35, no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate 401 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The names are preserved entire as above in Fast. Cap. except [M.F]urius etc., [Cn. C]ornelius, etc., [L. Vale]rius, etc. On the mark of iteration after Camillus' name in Livy, see 403, note 1. M'. Aemilius, as usual, appears in Livy as M., and his cognomen as Mamercus (see 410). Iterum in Livy after Cossus' name is an error (see 406 and 404). As in 404, Livy has the praenomen C. for Fabius (see Conway and Walters ad loc.). In the name of Iulius the Iulus of Fast. Cap. and Livy's Tullus probably stand for an earlier Iullus (see 489, note 1). Diod. omits Valerius, but the following apocryphal name is found in F: {Gr}. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 5.10.1; Diod. 14.44.1; Fast. Cap. (see note 1); Chr. 354 (Camello et Iulo); Degrassi 28f., 98, 382f. Valerius held command against the{84} Volscians at Anxur (Liv. 5.10.2, and 12.6), Furius against Falerii (5.12.5), Aemilius at Veii (5.12.4), and Cornelius against Capena (5.12.5). On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 35, no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate 398 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Diod. gives the total number as six, but makes no mention of Valerius Maximus and Furius Medullinus, while in F are added the apocryphal names listed above ({Gr}). In Fast. Cap. the names are preserved as follows: [L. Valeriu]s L. f. P. Potitus V; [M. Valerius] M. f. M. n. Lactucin. Maxum.; [- -Camillu]s II; L. Furiu[s L.] f. Sp. n. Medullin. III; Q. Servilius [Q. f. p. n. Fi]denas II; Q. Sulpicius Ser. [f- ]. On the cognomen Lactucinus, see Pliny NH 19.59. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 5.14.5; Diod. 14.82.1; Fast. Cap. (see note 1); Chr. 354 (Potito et Medulliano); Degrassi 28f., 99, 384f. Abdicated before the end of their term (Plut. Cam. 2.5). Valerius Potitus ravaged Faliscan territory (Liv. 5.14.7), while the rest, except Camillus, pressed the siege of Veii (Liv. 5.15; Dion. Hal. 12.11-13). On L. Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 35, no. 4; on M. Valerius, 49, no. 47. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 396 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 5.19.2; Fast. Cap. ([- - -]n. Camillus); Fast. Fer. Lat. ([- - -Ca]-millo), Degrassi 146; see Degrassi 30f., 99, 384f. He defeated the Faliscans and the Capenates, and carried the siege of Veii to completion with the capture and destruction of the city, celebrated a brilliant triumph, marked the site of a temple of Juno on the Aventine and dedicated that of Mater Matuta (Liv. 5.19-23, and 28.1; Diod. 14.93.2-3; Dion. Hal. 12.14-15; 13.3 and 5; Val. Max. 4.1.2; cf. 1.8.3; 5.3.2; Plin. NH 33.111; Plut. Cam. 5-8; App. Ital. 8; Flor. 1.6.10; Gell. 17.21.10; Eutrop. 1.20; Auct. Vir. Ill. 23; Augustin. CD 2.17, 3.17; Oros. 2.19.1-3; Zon. 7.21; cf. Val. Max. 1.5.2). On his triumph, see Degrassi 539. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Interrex 396 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 5.17.4. On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 35, no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 396 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Veientibus. MRR I.88, Itgenshorst p. 263, Rich no. 45. (Rich 2014)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate 394 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • According to Diod. There were only three Military Tribunes c. p. (14.97.1; and 15.2.1). On Medullinus' many magistracies, see RE no. 65; 413, note 1. Aemilius' name is completed from Fast. Cap. and Chr. 354 on 391. Postumius is probably a Censor of 380; see that year. Cornelius, now holding{91} the magistracy for the second time (Liv.), may be Scipio (RE 328; Mil. Tr. c. p. 395) or Cossus (120; Mil. Tr. c. p. 395) or Maluginensis (252; Mil. Tr. c. p. 397), preferably the last, though there are several examples in these times of persons who held this office in successive years. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 5.25.2; Diod. 14.97.1; 15.2.1; Fast. Cap. ([- -Camillu]s III); Chr. 354 (Camello III et Publicola); Degrassi 30f., 99f., 386f. Camillus reduced Falerii to surrender (Liv. 5.26.3-27.15; Dion. Hal. 13.1-2; Val. Max. 6.5.1; Plut. Cam. 9-11; Frontin. Str. 4.4.1; Polyaen. 8.7; Dio fr. 24; Eutrop. 1.20; Auct. Vir. Ill. 23; Zon. 7.21; cf. Diod. 14.96.5, and 98.5); while Aemilius and Postumius operated against the Aequi (Liv. 5.28.6-13; cf. Diod. 14.98.5). On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 36, no. 6. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Interrex 391 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 5.31.8. On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 35, no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 390 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • For analyses of the legend of Camillus, see Mommsen, RF 2.297ff.; Münzer, RE no. 44; Hirschfeld, Kl. Schr. 273ff. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Though legal forms were observed only with difficulty, it is represented that he was duly recalled from exile and appointed Dictator by the Senate and magistrates on the Capitoline, and arrived to defeat the Gauls just when the besieged were about to pay a ransom. He celebrated a triumph, then, constinuing in office, induced the people to vote down a proposal to move to Veii. (Liv. 5.43-55; Dion. Hal. 13.6-9; Plut. Cam. 23-32; Flor. 1.7.17-19; cf. Elogium, CIL 1 .1, p. 191, and Inscr. Ital. 13.3.61; Liv. 9.4.14, 11.6, and 15.10; 22.3.10, and 14.11; 27.34.14; Val. Max. 4.1.2; Frontin. Str. 3.13.1; Plut. Fort. Rom. 12; Tac. Ann. 2.52; App. Ital. 8; Celt. 1, and 5; BC 2.50; Gell. 17.2.14, quoting Claud. Quad. fr. 7 Peter; Polyaen. 8.7.2; Memnon 25.2, FHG 3.538; Dio fr. 25; Eutrop. 1.20; Auct. Vir. Ill. 23; Jerome, Chr. ad ann. 391, p. 118 Helm; August. CD 2.17; Malalas 1.7; Zon. 7.23). Polybius (2.18.2-3, and 22.4-5) has the Gauls leave Rome in accordance with a treaty, while in Diod. Camillus, after a victory over the Volscians, defeated the returning Gauls and recovered the ransom the Romans had paid, but was prevented from celebrating a triumph by the Tribunes of the Plebs (14.116-117; Strabo 5.2.3, on Caere; Suet. Tib. 3.2; Iustin. 28.2.4; 38.4.8; 43.5.9; Eutrop. 1.20; Auct. Vir. Ill. 23; Cassiod.; Fest. 512 L; cf. Serv. ad Aen. 6.826). On the continuance of his dictatorship, see Liv. 5.49.9; 6.1.4-6; Plut. Cam. 28.2; 31.3; cf. Polyb. 2.22.4-5; Flor. 1.7.15; Fast. Silv. (on Id. Feb., CIL 1(2).1, p. 259). On his triumph, see Liv. 5.49.7; 7.15.8; Plut. Cam. 30.2; Sil. It. 1.625ff.; App. Celt. 1; Eutrop. 1.20; Cassiod. Chr. on 392; Zon. 7.23; see Degrassi 539. On his place in the Fasti, Degrassi 101, 388f. (Broughton MRR I)
    • The following additional apocryphal names appear in Ms F of Diod.: {Gr}, 14.110; {Gr}, 15.20. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 390 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Galleis. MRR I.95, Itgenshorst p. 263, Rich no. 48. (Rich 2014)
  • Dictator 389 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Diodorus places these victories with the victory over the Gauls at which he recovered the ransom (see 390, on Camillus). On the dictatorship and triumph of this year, see Mommsen, RF 2.335ff.; Bandel, Dictaturen 35-40). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 6.2.5; won victories over Volscians, Aequi, and Etruscans, who had just captured Sutrium, and celebrated a triumph (Elogium in CIL 1 .1, p.191- Inscr. Ital. 13.3.61; Liv. 6.2.8-4.3; Frontin. Str. 2.4.15; Plut. Cam. 33.1,34-36; Eutrop. 2.1; Oros. 3.3.4; Zon. 7.24; cf. Diod. 14.117.5). See Degrassi 101, 388f., and on the triumph, 539. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Interrex 389 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 6.1.8. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 389 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Volsceis, Aequeis, Etrusceis. MRR I.97, Itgenshorst p. 263, Rich no. 49. (Rich 2014)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate 386 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Diod. has only four Military Tribunes this year, and makes no mention of Valerius and Horatius. In Diod. Cornelius' praenomen is M. The full name of Valerius appears in Fast. Cap. on 380 (Degrassi 32f.), where Degrassi's reading of the numeral III agrees with Livy's tertium, and ends the doubts raised by Hülsen (Klio 2 [1902] 248ff.) regarding his place in the regular lists for this year. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 6.6.3 and 13-15; Diod. 15.25.1; Chr. 354 (Aluginense [sic] et Cincinnato); Degrassi 101, 390f. Camillus is credited with victories over Volscians, Latins and Hernici (Liv. 6.6-9; Frontin. Str. 2.8.4), then retook Sutrium and Nepete in Etruria (6.9-10), while the Elogium (CIL 1 , p. 191 and Inscr. Ital. 13.3.61) mentions action against Velitrae. Valerius accompanied him (Liv. 6.6-10), while Horatius and Quinctius succeeded to the Volscian command (Liv. 6.9.6). Servilius {101} held command near the city and Cornelius presided over civil affairs (Liv. 6.6.13 and 15). On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 37, no. 7. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate 384 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • According to Diod. there were only four Military Tribunes, but Livy has six with the addition of Valerius and Camillus. On Sulpicius and Quinctius, see 388. Livy appears to distinguish between Cincinnati and Capitolini, and so lists this as Quinctius' second Military Tribunate, but T. Quinctius apparently had both cognomina in Fast. Cap. for 380 (Degrassi 32f., 392f.). The two cognomina were combined also in the case of the Mag. Eq. of 367. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 6.18.1; Diod. 15.36.1; Chr. 354 (Rufo et Camillo); Degrassi 101, 390f. According to Plutarch (Cam. 36.5-7) and Livy (6.20.11) Camillus transferred the trial of Manlius Capitolinus to the Petelian grove. Zonaras (7.24) calls him Dictator. On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 37, no. 7; on Quinctius, Lübker no. 5. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Militum Consulari Potestate 381 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The name and filiation of Medullinus appear from Fast. Cap. on 363, Censors. On Lucretius, see 392; and on Fabius, see Fast. Cap. for 369. The Chronographer of 354 names Publicola IIII, but no other source places him in this year; on the number, see 380, and see 389, note 1. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 6.22.5; Diod. 15.48.1; Plut. Cam. 37.1, on Camillus and Medullinus; Chr. 354 (Publicola IIII et Tricipitino); Degrassi 101, 392f. Camillus retrieved his colleague's (Furius) defeat, routed the Volscians, and led his forces to a determinedly peaceful Tusculum (Liv. 6.22-27; Val. Max. 7.3, ext. 9; Plut. Cam. 37-38; Frontin. Str. 2.8.6; cf. Dion. Hal. 14.6; Dio, fr. 28; Zon. 7.24). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 368 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 6.38.4; Fast. Cap. ([- -Cami]llus IIII; rei gerundae causa); Plut. Cam. 39.2; see Degrassi 32f., 103, 398f. Livy represents him using his power to support the veto of the colleagues of Licinius and Sextius but favors the view that he abdicated because of faulty auspices rather than popular threats (6.38; cf. Plut. Cam. 39). The note in Fast. Cap. on Furius and Aemilius is "[post edictu]m in milites ex s. c. abdicarunt." (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 367 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Galleis. MRR I.113, Itgenshorst p. 263, Rich no. 52. (Rich 2014)
  • Dictator 367 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 6.42.4; Fast. Cap. ([- -C]amillus V; rei gerundae causa); Plut. Cam. 40.2; Degrassi 32f., 104, 398f. Defeated a Gallic band which had penetrated to the Anio (cf. Polyb. 2.18.6), celebrated a triumph, and while in office accepted the Licinio-Sextian rogations (Liv. 6.42; Dion. Hal. 14.8-10; Plut. Cam. 40-42; App. Celt. 1; Polyaen. 8.7.2; Jerome Chr. ad ann. 363. p. 120 Helm; Zon. 7.21 and 24; cf. Act. Tr., Degrassi 68f., 839; see Tribunes of the Plebs). On the law establishing the curule aedileship, see Liv. 6.42.11; Dig.; Lydus Magg. 1.38. (Broughton MRR I)