DECI0515 P. Decius (15) Q. f. Mus

Status

Life Dates

  • 377?, birth (Develin 1979) Expand

    Develin no. 9.

  • 340, death - violent (Broughton MRR I) Expand

    Devotio, suicide.

Relationships

father of
P. Decius (16) P. f. Q. n. Mus (cos. 312) (RE)

Career

  • Quinquevir Mensarius 352 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Appointed to deal with a serious debt situation. This they did by payments from public funds, or by authorizing bankruptcy proceedings or surrender of property (Liv. 7.21.5-8; Gaius Inst. 4.23; cf. Rotondi 224; Frank, ESAR 1.29f.). On Publilius, see L├╝bker no. 2. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Militum 343 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Saved the Consul Cornelius and his army from a trap and received the civic crown (Liv. 7.34-37.3, and 38.3; 22.60.10; Cic. Div. 1.51; Plin. NH 16.11; 22.9; Frontin. Str. 1.5.14; 4.5.9; App. Samn. 1; Auct. Vir. Ill. 26; Fest. 208 L). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 340 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • On Manlius' name, see Act. Tr. on 340; on Decius' filiation, Fast. Cap. on 312. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 8.3.5; Diod. 16.89; Val. Max. 1.73; Chr. 354 (Torquato III et Mure); Fast. Hyd. (Torquato III et Musone), so also Chr. Pasc.; and on Decius, Fest. 276 L; Cassiod.; Degrassi 107, 408f. Decius was renowned for devoting himself at Veseris in Campania against the Latins for the success of the armies of his colleague and himself (Liv. 8.6-11; 10.28.15; Accius Decius fr. 10-11 R; Auct. Ad Herenn. 4.57; Cic. Div. 2.136; Fin. 2.61; Tusc. 1.89; ND 3.15, cf. 2.10; Sen. 75; Off. 3.16; Paradox. 1.12; Sest. 48; Rab. Post. 2; Phil. 11.13; 13.27; Val. Max. 1.7.3; 5.6.5; Plin. NH 22.9; 28.12; Frontin. Str. 4.5.15; Iuv. 8.254ff. and School.; Plut. Par. Min. 18; Flor. 1.14.3; Dio fr. 35.7-8; Ampel. 20.6; Auct. Vir. Ill. 26.4f.; 28.4; Zon. 7.26). After the rejection of Latin demands for a consulship and half the places in the Senate Torquatus, with Decius (see above), defeated the Latins at Veseris in Campania, first as an example of discipline putting to death his son, who had disobeyed orders prohibiting single combat; then decisively defeated Latins, Volscians, and Auruncans at Trifanum, made a settlement rewarding loyal Latins and Campanian knights, and celebrated a triumph (Liv. 8.5-12; Act. Tr., Degrassi 68f., 541; Cic. Fin. 1.23 and 34-5; 2.61; Off. 3.112; Sulla 33, and Schol. Bob. ad loc.; Sall. Cat. 52.30; Diod. 16.90.2; Dion. Hal. 8.79.2; 15.4.6; Verg. Aen. 6.824f. and Serv. ad loc.; Val. Max. 1.7.3; 2.7.6; 5.8.3; 6.4.1;{136} 6.9.1; 9.3.4-5; Quintil. Inst. Or. 5.11.7; Frontin. Str. 4.1.40-41; Plut. Fab. 9.2; Par. Min. 12; Flor. 1.14; App. Samn. 3; Gell. 1.13.7; 9.13.20; Dio fr. 35; Ampel. 18.4; Auct. Vir. Ill. 26.4; 28.4; Eutrop. 2.7; Jerome Chr. ad ann. 333, p. 133 Helm; Zon. 7.26). (Broughton MRR I)