PAPI0534 L. Papirius (52) Sp. f. L. n. Cursor


  • Patrician

Life Dates

  • 364?, birth (Develin 1979) Expand

    Develin no. 24.


grandson of
L. Papirius (51) Cursor (tr. mil. c. p. 387) (RE)
son of
Sp. Papirius (not in RE) Cursor (father of L. Papirius (52) Sp. f. L. n. Cursor (cos. 320)) (RE)
father of
L. Papirius (53) L. f. Sp. n. Cursor (cos. 293) (RE)


  • Magister Equitum 340 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • On the full name of Papirius Cursor, see Fast. Cap. on 315 and Act. Tr. on 324. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 8.12.2; Cic. Fam. 9.21.2; Degrassi 107, 408f. See Lübker no. 9. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Praetor? 332 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • L. Papirius Crassus, Cos. 336 and 330, who would normally be identified with this Praetor in a period when the praetorship frequently followed the consulship, was himself Praetor in 340. The other possibilities are L. Papirius Cursor, Cos. 326, 320, 319, 315, 313, and L. Papirius Crassus, Censor in 318. Cursor's praetorship is not otherwise attested, but if he held this praetorship we should have no evidence that the Censor of 318 ever held any curule office. Münzer (RE nos. 46 and 52) admits both possibilities. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Carried a bill to grant civitas sine suffragio to Acerrae (Liv. 8.17.12; cf. Vell. 1.14.4). See Lübker no. 6. (Broughton MRR I)
    • p. 725, footnote 3 (Brennan 2000)
  • Consul 326 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Livy was inclined to favor the name Mugillanus though he found Cursor in some annals. However no Mugillanus has appeared in the Fasti since 380, and the fragment of the Fast. Cap. for 319 (Degrassi 36f.) has removed the one suggested there by Chr. 354 (Murillano). On this issue, see CIL 1(2), p. 32, on 435; Degrassi 109. Münzer (RE) suggests that both cognomina appeared together in an archetype of the various lists. Owing to the lapse of time it is possible that, in spite of the numeral III in Chr. 354, Poetelius the Consul of 326 was not the Consul of 360 and 346, but his son, the Dictator of 313. This would help to explain the discrepancy between Livy and Varro on the date of the Lex Poetelia. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 8.23.17; Diod. 17.113.1; Chr. 354 (Libone III et Cursore II); Fast. Hyd. (Libonio et Cursore); Chr. Pasc. ({Gr}); Cassiod.; Solin. 32.42, p. 164 M; Degrassi 108, 414f. Livy (8.28) places in this year the Lex Poetelia, which released a debtor's person from liability (Varro LL 7.105, in 313, when a son of Poetilius was Dictator; Cic. Rep. 2.59; cf. Dion. Hal. 16.4-5; Val. Max. 6.1.9 and 11; Suidas, s. v. {Gr}, with versions confused; see Niccolini, FTP 72). The Consuls made war on the Samnites (Liv. 8.25.2). On Papirius, see Lübker no. 9, on Poetelius, no. 2. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 325 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Appointed "rei gerundae causa" (Liv. 8.29.9), he took command in Samnium, was with difficulty restrained from putting to death his victorious but disobedient Master of Horse, then won a victory and celebrated a triumph (Liv. 8.30-37.2, cf. 9.38.10-14, and 10.3.8; Inscr. Ital. 13.3.62-ILS 53; Val. Max. 2.7.8; 3.2.9; Frontin. Str. 4.1.39; Dio fr. 36 and Zon. 7.26; Eutrop. 2.8; Auct. Vir. Ill. 31, and 32; Degrassi 108, 414f., and on the triumph 70f., 541f. In Act. Tr. the triumph is listed under 324, one of the "Dictator" years (see 324). See Lübker no. 9. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 324 (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 324 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Samnitibus. MRR I.148-9, Itgenshorst no. 74, Rich no. 74. (Rich 2014)
  • Consul 320 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The various names of Consuls, Dictators, and Masters of Horse, are filled out from Fast. Cap. and Act. Tr., Papirius from Fast. Cap. on 315, Publilius, ib. on 315, Maenius and Folius, ib. 314, and Manlius, Act. Tr. on 340. See Degrassi 36f., 68f. On the surrender of persons to the Samnites, see also Cic. Off. 3.109; Sen. 41; Gell. 17.21.36; Flor. 1.16.11; Dio fr. 36.19-21, and Zon. 7.26. On Papirius, see also 326, note 1, and 319, Consuls. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 9.7.15; Diod. 18.44.1; Fast. Cap. (L. P[apirius Sp. f. L. n. Curs]or II; Q. Pobli[lius-]); Chr. 354 (Cursore II et Philo III); Fast. Hyd. (Cursore II et Filone); Chr. Pasc. ({Gr}); Cassiod.; Degrassi 36f., 109, 416f. Peace with the Samnites was rejected and the erring Consuls handed over to them; then Publilius in Campania, and afterwards with his colleague in Apulia, defeated the Samnites and received the submission of Luceria (Liv. 9.12-15; Dio fr. 36, and Zon. 7.26). Livy (9.15.9-10) reports another version which credited Cornelius the Dictator (see below) and Papirius as Mag. Eq. with the achievement of the Consuls, and the celebration of a triumph (cf. Act. Tr. on 319). On Papirius, see Lübker no. 9, on Publilius, no. 2. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Magister Equitum 320 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 9.15.9; Fast. Cap. (L. Papiri[us Sp. f. L. n. Curs]or II mag[- - -]). See Degrassi 36f., 109, 416f. He probably remained Consul (cf. however Dio 43.33.1, and Mommsen, Str. 1. 514, note 1). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Magister Equitum 320 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Fast. Cap. (L. Papiriu[s Sp. f. L. n. Curso]r III Mag. Eq.); Degrassi 36f., 109, 416f. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 319 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Samnitibus. MRR I.154, Itgenshorst no. 77, Rich no. 77. (Rich 2014)
  • Consul 319 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Livy found a version making L. Papirius Mugillanus a Consul of this year (cf. Chr. 354). Mommsen rejected him in favor of Cursor and has been proved correct for Fast. Cap. by the fragment in Degrassi 36f. See CIL 1(2), p. 32, and Degrassi 109. No other Mugillanus appears in the consular lists after 380. See 426, note 1. Aulius appears in Diod. as {Gr}. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 9.15.11; Diod. 18.58.1; Fast. Cap. (L. Papirius [Sp. f. L. n. Curs]or III, Q. Aulius Q. f. Q. [n. Cerretanus II]); Chr. 354 (Murillano III, et Cerritano); Fast. Hyd. (Papino et Gaeretano); Chr. Pasc. ({Gr}); Cassiod.; Degrassi, 36f., 109, 416f. Aulius captured Ferentinum, while Papirius won Satricum, and according to the sources that had him in command at Luceria in 320, celebrated a triumph (Liv. 9.16; Act. Tr., Degrassi 70f., 542; Eutrop. 2.9; Auct. Vir. Ill. 31.4; Oros. 3.15.10; cf. FGrH 2 B, no. 255, p. 1156, line 16). On Papirius, see Lübker no. 9. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 315 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Fast. Hyd. (Cursor III et Lenate II), and Chr. Pasc. ({Gr}) have confused the names of Publilius and Popillius. See the criticism of the tradition for this year in RE, on Papirius (Münzer). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Diod. 19.66.1; Fast. Cap. (names entire); Chr. 354; Fast. Hyd.; Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; cf. Liv. 9.22.1, where the names are omitted. See Degrassi 36f., 109, 418f. On Papirius, see Lübker no. 9, on Publilius, no. 2. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 313 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 9.28.2; Diod. 19.77.1; Fast. Cap. (names entire); Chr. 354; Fast. Hyd.; Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; Fest. 458 L; Degrassi 36f., 110, 418f. Iunius is credited in some of Livy's sources with the capture of Nola, Atina and Calatia (Liv. 9.28.5-6; cf. Diod. 19.101.2; see Dictator). On Papirius, see Lübker no. 9. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 310 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Credited with important (but probably mythical) victories at Lake Vadimo in Etruria and Longulae in Samnium (Liv. 9.38.14-40; Dio fr. 36.26; cf. Licin. Macer, fr. 17 Peter, in Liv.), and the celebration of a triumph (Liv. 9.40.15 and 20; Auct. Vir. Ill. 31.4; cf. Act. Tr., Degrassi 70f., 542; and below on 309). See Degrassi 36f., 110, 420f.; Lübker no. 9. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 309 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Samnitibus. MRR I.163, Itgenshorst no. 82, Rich no. 82. (Rich 2014)
  • Dictator 309 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Fast. Cap.; Act. Tr.; cf. 310, Dictator; Degrassi 36f., 110, 420f., and on the triumph, 70f., 542. See Lübker no. 9. (Broughton MRR I)