VALE0807 M. Valerius (211) P. f. P. n. Laevinus


  • Patrician

Life Dates

  • 254?, birth (Develin 1979) Expand

    Develin no. 59.

  • 200, death (Broughton MRR I)


grandson of
? P. Valerius (213) Laevinus (cos. 280) (Brennan 2000)
son of
P. Valerius (215) (son of P. Valerius (213) Laevinus (cos. 280)) (RE)
father of
P. Valerius (214) Laevinus (son of M. Valerius (211) P. f. P. n. Laevinus (cos. 220)) (RE)
M. Valerius (210) Laevinus (pr. 182) (RE)
C. Valerius (208) M. f. P. n. Laevinus (cos. suff. 176) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Liv. XXXVIII 9.8


  • Aedilis Curulis? 229 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Gell. 13.13.4; see 185, Aediles, since the reference may equally well refer to the Praetor of 182. See Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Praetor 227 Sardinia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Praetor in Sardinia (Solin. 5.1, p. 52 M; cf. Liv. 23.24.4; Zon. 8.19). On the identification, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34. It is not accepted by Stella Maranca (296). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Before 218. p. 726. (Brennan 2000)
  • Consul 220 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • In 65 B.C. also the Chr. 354 keeps the names of Sulla and Paetus, who were elected but did not take office. Degrassi would assume that Scevola in Chr. 354 refers to a member of the Mucian Gens, and favors the Praetor of 215. Praetorships after consulships were still not infrequent, and became necessary under the stress of the Hannibalic war. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Chr. 354 (Levino et Scevola). Livy (29.11.3; 30.23.5) states that Valerius Laevinus was twice Consul. We must suppose with Degrassi 118, and 119, on 210) that Valerius and Mucius were faultily elected, and either abdicated or never entered upon their magistracy. See Degrassi 118, 442f.; Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34 on Valerius. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Praetor 215 inter peregrinos, Lucania, Apulia, Rome, (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Election Liv. 23.24.4 Provinces Liv. 23.30.18. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Peregrinus. Set up tribunal near the Piscina publica (Liv. 23.32.4). Was sent to Lucania and Apulia (Liv. 23.32.2 and 16). Captured envoys of Philip and Hannibal, and was ordered to defend Italy against Philip (Polyb. 8.1.6; Liv. 23.33.5, 38.10, and 48.3; cf. Eutrop. 3.12.4; Flor. 1.23.1 and 6; Iustin. 29.4.4; Zon. 9.4). (Broughton MRR I)
    • p. 727 (Brennan 2000)
  • Promagistrate 214 Calabria (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued, with the fleet off Brundisium (Liv. 24.10.4, and 11.3). Saved Tarentum (24.20.12-16), and after a successful action against Philip of Macedon, wintered at Oricus (24.40.1-7; Zon. 9.4). See Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Promagistrate 213 Macedonia, Achaea (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued in Greece and Macedonia (Liv. 24.44.5). See Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Promagistrate 212 Macedonia, Achaea (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued in Greece (Liv. 25.3.6). Began negotiations with the Aetolian league (Liv. 26.24.1; cf. Polyb. 5.105.8; 8.1.6; see 211, note 7). See CAH 8.124. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Promagistrate 211 Macedonia, Achaea (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued in Greece (Liv. 26.1.12). Concluded an alliance with the Aetolians, captured Zakynthos, Oiniadae, and other places and wintered at Corcyra (Liv. 26.24, cf. 26.26.1). Jerome notes his friendship with Attalus of Pergamum (Chr. ad ann. 209, p. 135 Helm). (Broughton MRR I)
    • For the chronology accepted here, see Walbank, Philip V of Macedon 82-87, 301-304; cf. De Sanctis 3.2.440f.; Walek-Czerneski, RPh 54 (1928) 9-12. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 210 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 26.22.12-13; 29.16.2; 31.13.2; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 46f., 119f., 448f.; Flor. 1.22.25; Chr. 354; Fast. Hyd.; Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; Zon. 9.5; on Valerius, Liv. 29.11.3; 30.23.5; and on Marcellus, Plut. Marc. 23. Marcellus was first assigned Sicily and the fleet, and Valerius Italy and the war with Hannibal (Liv. 26.29.1) but the provinces were reversed following Syracusan complaints against Marcellus (26.26.5-11, 27.16, 28.3, 29-32; 38.43.9; Val. Max. 4.1.7; Plut. Marc. 23; Dio fr. 57.41; Zon. 9.6; cf. Cic. Verr. 2.4.151). The Consuls raised funds by great popular contributions (Liv. 26.35-36; cf. 31.13.2; Val. Max. 5.6.8; Flor. 1.22.25; Fest. 500 L; Oros. 4.17.14). They recalled M. Livius Salinator from exile (Liv. 27.34.5). Marcellus won Salapia, and Marmoreae and Meles in Samnium (26.38.11-14; 27.1.1-2; Val. Max. 3.8, ext. 1; App. Hann. 45-47; Zon. 9.7), and inflicted a reverse on Hannibal at Numistro (Liv. 27.2; Plut. Marc. 24, cf. Frontin. Str. 2.2.6). Valerius, delayed by illness after capturing Anticyra (Liv. 26.26-27), returned to report on Greece (26.28.1), and in Sicily calmed Syracuse and won back Agrigentum (Liv. 26.29-32, and 40). Summoned to Rome to hold elections, he refused to nominate a Dictator on Roman soil, but the people's choice was nominated by Marcellus (27.5.8-19). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul 209 Sicilia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued as Proconsul in command of Sicily and a fleet (Liv. 27.7.12-13 and 16; for the title, 27.8.13). Received troops from armies beaten in Italy, and guarded the grain supply (27.8.13-19; cf. Cic. Verr. 2.3.125). See Münzer, Gent. Val. 45f., no. 34. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul 208 Sicilia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued as Proconsul (cf. Liv. 28.4.5) in command of additional ships in the fleet off Sicily (Liv. 27.22.9). Raided Africa (Liv. 27.29.7-8, cf. 28.4.5-7; see De Sanctis 3.2.476, note 52). See Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul 207 Sicilia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Livy omits the regular list of prorogations for this year with the exception of Q. Fulvius Flaccus. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Continued as Proconsul in command of the fleet off Sicily, whence he carried out a raid on Africa (Liv. 28.4.5, and 10.16; see Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34, and 46, note 4; De Sanctis 3.2.476, note 52). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Promagistrate 205 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Valerius' commission is not mentioned in *RE and is regarded as fictitious by Münzer (Gent. Val. 59, note 11). But private citizens were from time to time granted the imperium (cf. Liv. 23.34.14; 27.24.1; 31.3.2; 35.23.6-7), and Valerius could easily have completed this task and returned to Rome in time to head the embassy to Attalus of Pergamum. On his commission, see Jashemski, Origins and History of the Proconsular and the Propraetorian Imperium, 27. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Received a grant of imperium from the urban Praetor to bring the urban legions to Arretium (Liv. 28.46.13). See Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Ambassador) 205 Asia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Sent to king Attalus of Pergamum to bring the Magna Mater from Pessinus (Liv. 29.10.4-11.8, and 14.5-14; Cic. Har. Resp. 26-28; Cael. 34; Sen. 45; Varro LL 6.15; Ovid Fast. 4.247-348; Strab. 12.5.3, 578 c; Plin. NH 7.120; Sil. It. 17.1-43; Suet. Tib. 2.3; App. Hann. 56; Dio fr. 57.61; Herodian 1.11; Lact. Inst. Div. 2.7.12; Auct. Vir. Ill. 46; Iulian. Or. 5, 159-161). On Laevinus and Falto, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 45, no. 34, and 48, no. 42, respectively. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Legatus (Ambassador) 204 Asia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Continued embassy to Attalus of Pergamum to bring the Magna Mater to Rome, which returned this year with the symbol of the goddess. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Propraetor 201 Macedonia? (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Holleaux (CAH 8.156, note 1) considers Laevinus' mission merely "a mistaken reminiscence of the first war with Philip." In fact, the whole group of annalistic data on Macedonian help for Hannibal at Zama (Liv. 30.26), the embassy of M. Aurelius (30.42.2-11), and the notices on M. Furius (30.42.5) and on Laevinus (31.3.3-6, and 5.5), form a connected unit which seems quite unreliable, and completely inconsistent with the harsh answer given by the Senate to the Aetolian envoys in the autumn of 202 (Liv. 31.29.4-16; App. Mac. 4). See Walbank, Philip V of Macedon 127, note 7; De Sanctis 4.1.21, note 55. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Granted imperium pro praetore and a fleet to watch "Macedonia" (Liv. 31.3.2-3). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Propraetor 200 Macedonia? (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • A suspect account in Livy (31.5.5 and 7) reports letters from him as Propraetor after the new Consuls entered office. He died this year (Liv. 31.50.4). See 201, note 3. (Broughton MRR I)