CORN0815 M. Cornelius (92) M. f. M. n. Cethegus


  • Patrician
  • Nobilis Expand

    Cic. Brut. 15.57-16.62 (founder of family's nobilitas)

Life Dates

  • 250?, birth (Evans & Kleijwegt 1992) Expand

    Evans & Kleijwegt p. 192-193 (ca. 250), Sumner R12 (by 241?), Develin no. 67 (by 238).

  • 196, death (Broughton MRR I)


  • Flamen Quirinalis? 224 to 223 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • Compelled to abdicate for performing the ritual of sacrifice inexactly (Plut. Marc. 5.2; cf. Val. Max. 1.1.4). Possibly, like C. Claudius (see 211), a Flamen Dialis. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Flamen Martialis? 224 to 223 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • Compelled to abdicate for performing the ritual of sacrifice inexactly (Plut. Marc. 5.2; cf. Val. Max. 1.1.4). Possibly, like C. Claudius (see 211), a Flamen Dialis. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Aedilis Curulis 213 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The correct year is 213 rather than 212 since patricians would hold the curule aedileship in an odd numbered year (Liv. 7.1.6; Mommsen RF 1.97-102). (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 25.2.6-8. Elogium of Scipio, CIL 1 .1, p. 201- Inscr. Ital. 13.3.89. The Tribunes questioned his candidacy because of his age (Liv.). On the date, see note 4. (Broughton MRR I)
    • The Mss readings in Livy 25.1.11, and 12.3, respectively, are "Aemilio praetori urb. (or urb)" and "in M. Aemili praetoris urbem (urbis or urb') manus." Klebs therefore thought (RE s. v. "Atilius," no. 53) that the name of Atilius, who was Pr. Urbanus, should replace Aemilius in both passages. Conway and Walters reject "urb." and "urbem" as ancient glosses and use 25.3.12 to justify the name Aemilius. Measures to curb the spread of foreign cults might suitably be entrusted to the Pr. Peregrinus, and Aemilius may have performed the acts attributed to him in the city before his own announced date of April 1 (25.1.11-12), and before he left for Luceria. Confusion may have arisen because Atilius after that time performed the duties of both praetorships.{267} (Broughton MRR I)
  • Pontifex 213 to 196 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • Liv. 25.2.2. (Broughton MRR I)
    • M. Cornelius Cethegus succeeded L. Cornelius Lentulus Caudinus as pontifex maximus: see 212, Pontifices. (Broughton MRR I)
    • L. Valerius Flaccus succeeded M. Cornelius Cethegus. Liv. 33.42.5. On Valerius, see Münzer, Gent. Val. 39, no. 17. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Praetor 211 Apulia, Sicilia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Elections and Provinces Liv. 25.41.12-13; armies: 26.1.9-13, cf. 28.10-12 (Broughton MRR I)
    • Livy gives the name of the commander in eastern Sicily after Marcellus as M. Cornelius, once adding the term Praetor (26.21.17), and Zonaras as Cornelius Dolabella. Cethegus however seems to be the more probable person. See Münzer, RE. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Received charge of arrangements in eastern Sicily after Marcellus left (Liv. 26.21.13-17, 26.8, and 28.10; Zon. 9.6). (Broughton MRR I)
    • p. 727, footnote 29 (Brennan 2000)
  • Censor 209 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Fast. Cap., Degrassi 46f., 120, 448f. They leased the Campanian land, revised the Senate list with severity for the Metellus who urged desertion of Italy after Cannae, and for those knights who avoided military service (Liv. 27.11.8 and 12-16). Broke precedent to choose Fabius Princeps Senatus (27.11.7-11; Elogium Fabii). Completed the lustrum the following year (27.36.6-7). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Consul 204 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Enn. Ann. 303-308 V; Cic. Brut. 60; Sen. 10; Liv. 29.11.10; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 46f., 120, 450f.; Chr. 354; Fast. Hyd.; Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; and on Cethegus, cf. Grueber, CRRBM 2.271; Cesano, Stud. Num. 1.171. The Consuls heard complaints of the Locrians against Pleminius and Scipio, and appointed a senatorial commission to investigate them (Liv. 29.16.4-20.11; Diod. 27.4; App. Hann. 55; Dio fr. 57.62; see 205, Legates, and below, Promagistrates, Legates, and Special Commissions). Cethegus' province was Etruria, where he punished traitors who had negotiated with Mago (Liv. 29.13.1, and 36.10-12; Zon. 9.11). Sempronius in Bruttium suffered a reverse, then joined forces with Licinius Crassus (see Promagistrates), and after vowing a temple to Fortuna Primigeneia, gained a victory (Liv. 29.13.1, and 36.4-9; Dio fr. 57.70; Oros. 4.18.18; Zon. 9.11; cf. Fest. 272 L; see Otto, RE s. v. "Fortuna," cols. 27-28). He won Clampetia and several{306} other towns (Liv. 29.38.1). Cethegus held the elections (29.38.2-5). On his relation to the cult of the Magna Mater, see Grueber, CRRBM 2.271; Cesano, Stud. Num. 1.171. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul 203 Gallia Cisalpina (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued as Proconsul in Gaul (Liv. 30.1.7, and 18.1), where along with the Praetor Quinctilius he fought with Mago (Liv. 30.18-19; Zon. 9.12). See note 3. (Broughton MRR I)