LIVI0827 M. Livius (33) M. f. M. n. Pol. Salinator

Life Dates

  • 262?, birth (Develin 1979) Expand

    Develin no. 42.


son of
? M. Livius (32) M. f. M. n. Salinator (son of? M. Livius (13) Drusus (pr.? before 267)) (Zmeskal 2009)
married to
Calavia? (A) (daughter of -. Pacuvius (4) Calavius) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Liv. XXIII 2.6

father of
? C. Livius (29) M. f. M. n. Salinator (cos. 188) (Zmeskal 2009)
adoptive father of
? M. Livius (A) Aemilianus (son of? L. Aemilius (118) M. f. M. n. Paullus (cos. 219)) (Zmeskal 2009)
grandfather of
C. Livius (14) M. f. M. n. Drusus (cos. 147) (Badian 1990)
related to
M. Livius (24) (Macatus)? (praef. 209) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Liv. XXIX 37.4, Liv. XXVII 34.7


  • Praetor before 220 (Brennan 2000) Expand
    • p. 726, footnote 8 (Brennan 2000)
  • Consul 219 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The filiation of Aemilius is given by Fast. Cap. on 216; that of Livius by the same on 207. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Cass. Hem., fr. 26 Peter; Liv. 22.35.3; Chr. 354 (Paulo et Salinatore), so too Fast. Hyd. and Chr. Pasc.; Cassiod.; Zon. 8.20; cf. on Paullus, Polyb. 3.16.7. See Degrassi 118, 442f. Both Consuls were sent against Demetrius of Pharos in Illyria (Polyb. 3.16.7, and 18-19, without mention of Livius by name; Dio fr. 53; Zon. 8.20); and both celebrated triumphs (Aemilius: Polyb. 3.19.12; 4.66.8; Livius: Auct. Vir. Ill. 50; cf. Suet. Tib. 3.2). See Degrassi 550. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 219 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Illureis. MRR I.236, Itgenshorst no. 157, Rich no. 156. (Rich 2014)
  • Legatus (Ambassador) 218 Africa (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The Consuls of 219 are the only known members of the Livian and the Aemilian families in position to be members of this embassy. Weissenborn (on Liv. 21.18.1) holds that they were too young to be termed maiores natu and that the accusations brought against them for their conduct of the Illyrian war would have kept them in Rome. Willems (2.510) has shown that embassies in this period consisting of five members usually had at least three of curule rank. An ex-Censor as leader and two ex-Consuls with him would suit the pattern. The embassy could have preceded the laying of formal charges against Livius and Aemilius (Münzer, RE). (Broughton MRR I)
    • These men, defined by Livy as maiores natu, were sent to Carthage with Rome's ultimatum (Liv. 21.18.1, cf. 21.19.6, and 20.9; Dio fr. 55.10; Zon. 8.22; cf. Polyb. 3.20.6 and 9, and 33.1-4, and 40.2; Frontin. Str. 1.11.4; Sil. Ital. 2.1-390; App. Ib. 13). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Triumphator 207 (Rich 2014) Expand
    • Triumph de Poeneis et Hasdrubale. MRR I.294, Itgenshorst no. 161, Rich no. 160. (Rich 2014)
  • Consul 207 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 27.34, and 36.10; 28.10.1; 31.12.8; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 46f., 120, 450f.; Val. Max. 7.2.6; Auct. Vir. Ill. 50.2; Zon. 9.9; and on Livius, Liv. 36.36.6. After being reconciled and making military and religious preparations (Liv. 27.35.6-9, and 36-38; Val. Max. 4.1.2; 7.2.6; 9.3.1), the Consuls went to their armies, Claudius to contain Hannibal in Bruttium and Apulia (Liv. 27.35.10-12, 40.1, and 41-42; Zon. 9.9), and Livius to Gaul against Hasdrubal (Liv. 27.35.10, and 38.7). Claudius, gaining possession of Hasdrubal's messages to Hannibal, joined Livius at Sena, where the two Consuls destroyed Hasdrubal and his army in the battle of the Metaurus (Polyb. 11.1-3; Liv. 27.43-51; Cic. Brut. 73; Hor. Carm. 4.4.36-71; Val. Max. 3.7.4; 7.4.4; Frontin. Str. 1.1.9, and 2.9; 2.3.8, and 9.2; 4.7.15; Sil. It. 15.544-823; Suet. Tib. 2.1, on Nero; Flor. 1.22.50-54; App. Hann. 52-54; Ampel. 18.12; 36.3; 46.6; Eutrop. 3.18; Auct. Vir. Ill. 48.2-4; Oros. 4.18.9-16; Zon. 9.9; cf. Porphyr. on Hor. Carm. 4.4.37; Manil. 1.791; Anth. Lat. 2.304 Riese ; Sid. Apoll. 4.554-556; and on the date, Ov. Fast. 6.770). Livius celebrated a triumph while Nero was feted with him in an ovatio (Liv. 28.9.2-18; Val. Max. 4.1.9; Auct. Vir. Ill. 48.5; 50.2; cf. on Livius, Enn. Ann. 302 V; Suet. Tib. 3.1; see Degrassi 551). Livius was named Dictator to hold elections by his colleague (Liv. 28.10.1), and went to investigate defections in Etruria and Umbria (Liv. 28.10.4-5). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 207 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Appointed to hold elections (Liv. 28.10.1-5; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 46f., 120, 450f.; cf. Suet. Tib. 3.1). (Broughton MRR I)
    • It is rare, though legitimate, for a Consul in office to be appointed Dictator by his colleague (Mommsen, Str. 1.514, note 1; Bandel 139f.). The Consul so appointed in 339 (Liv. 8.12.13) held the office rei gerendae causa, but Livius apparently held it comitiorum habendorum causa. The phrasing in Livy (28.10.1) implies that there was some definite reason for the appointment, even though both Consuls were present in Rome. Bandel rejects political motives and finds no justification for Weissenborn's suggestion that religious scruples were involved. He suggests that in view of the serious situation in Etruria the Consul received the powers of a Dictator but disguised them as simply to hold elections. But in that case he would be expected to abdicate immediately after the elections (Mommsen, Str. 1.626, note 3). Moreover, the consular imperium was sufficient for the purpose. Perhaps Nero, who was the senior Consul (Liv. 27.34.1 and 15, and note the order in Fast. Cap.), took this method of placing his colleague, the victor of the Metaurus, in the senior position. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul 206 Etruria (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued as Proconsul in Etruria (Liv. 28.10.11). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul 205 Etruria (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued as Proconsul in Etruria (Liv. 28.45.10, and 46.13), when he was ordered to Gaul to join Lucretius against Mago (Liv. 28.46.13; 29.5.2-9; App. Hann. 54; cf. Zon. 9.11). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Proconsul 204 Gallia Cisalpina (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Imperium prorogued in Gaul (Liv. 29.13.4). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Censor 204 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 29.37.1; 36.36.4 and 6; 39.3.5; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 46f., 120, 450f.; Suet. Tib. 1.2. They removed seven from the Senate, let building contracts, established a new salt tax, included soldiers everywhere in the census as well as members of the twelve colonies, but in their review of the knights and the listing of the tribes attacked each other (Liv. 29.37; Val. Max. 2.9.6; 7.2.6; Dio fr. 57.70-71; Auct. Vir. Ill. 50.3). They reappointed Q. Fabius Maximus Princeps Senatus (Liv. 29.37.1; cf. Elog. CIL 1 .1, p. 193- Inscr. Ital. 13.3.14 and 80). See 203, Tribunes of the Plebs. (Broughton MRR I)