SERV0931 C. Servilius (60) C. f. P. n. Geminus

Life Dates

  • 240?, birth (Rüpke 2005)
  • 180, death (Broughton MRR I)


grandson of
? P. Servilius (62) Q. f. Cn. n. Geminus (cos. 252) (Brennan 2000)
son of
C. Servilius (59) (Geminus) (pr. before 218) (Zmeskal 2009) Expand

Liv. XXVII 21.9, Liv. XXX 19.6, Liv. XXX 19.9

brother of
M. Servilius (78) C. f. P. n. Pulex Geminus (cos. 202) (RE)
father of
? C. Servilius (9) (Geminus)? (aed. pl.? 173) (Zmeskal 2009)


  • Decemvir Sacris Faciundis? 220 to 212 (Rüpke 2005)
  • Legatus (Envoy) 212 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Sent by the Praetor Cornelius Sulla ex auctoritate patrum to Etruria to buy grain; relieved the garrison of Tarentum (Liv. 25.16.4-5). See below, note 5. See 210, Legates, on Aquilius and Ogulnius. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Tribunus Plebis? 211 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 27.21.9; 30.19.9. Held the tribunate before, probably not long before, 209, when he became Plebeian Aedile. If he is not to be identified with Servilius Casca (see 212, Tribunes of the Plebs), and was a Legate in 212, a probable year for his tribunate is 211. See 209, Aediles; Niccolini, FTP 397; and Aymard, REA 45 (1943) 200. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Decemvir Sacris Faciundis 211 to 180 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • Q. Marcius Philippus succeeded C. Servilius Geminus. Liv. 40.42.11-12. Cf. in 174, Liv. 41.21.10-11. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Pontifex 210 to 183 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • Liv. 40.42.6 and 11-12. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Q. Fulvius Flaccus succeeded C. Servilius Geminus as pontifex. M. Aemilius Lepidus succeeded C. Servilius Geminus as pontifex maximus. Cf. Val. Max. 6.6.1. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Aedilis Plebis 209 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • From Livy 27.21.10 and 30.19.6-9 it is established that during this period a man whose father had held a curule office was debarred from the two plebeian magistracies till after his father's death. Hence the difficulty with Servilius (see 218, Special Commissions). For discussions of the law, see Mommsen, Str. 1.487, note 2; Münzer, RE s. v. "Servilius," nos. 29, 60, and 78; APF 137-139; Lange, Röm. Altertümer 2.151f.; Bostsford, Rom. Assemblies 342f.; Aymard, REA 45 (1943) 199f. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 27.21.9. On Servilius, see also Liv. 27.21.10; 30.19.6-9; on Caecilius, see note 2. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Aedilis Curulis 208 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 27.36.8, cf. 33.7. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Magister Equitum 208 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 27.33.6-8; see above, Dictator. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Praetor 206 Sicilia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • p. 728 (Brennan 2000)
  • Consul 203 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • The cognomen Geminus, which is not inserted in Fast. Cap., is preserved in the Spirensia on Liv. 29.38.3; and is definitely applied to this man in Liv. 31.4.3, and 30.39.4. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Liv. 29.38.3; 30.1.1-2 and 8, and 2.13; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 46f., 120f., 450f.; Chr. 354; Fast. Hyd.; Chr. Pasc., with Caepio corrupted{311} to Scipio; Cassiod.; Zon. 9.12 (Scipio for Caepio); and on C. Servilius, Liv. 30.23.2. Caepio received the province of Bruttium, where he skirmished with Hannibal and received the surrender of several towns before preparing to cross to Africa (Liv. 30.1.8, 3.1, 19.10-12, and 24.1-3). Geminus received that of Etruria and advanced into Gaul, where he released his father and Lutatius Catulus from the Gauls (Liv. 30.1.8, 3.1, and 19.6-8; see 218, Special Commissions). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Dictator 202 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Appointed to hold elections (Liv. 30.39.4-5; Fast. Cap., Degrassi 48f., 121, 452f.). Held the Cerialia (so Liv. 30.39.8, but see note 1), and deferred an audience with Carthaginian and Macedonian envoys until new Consuls should be elected (30.40.4). (Broughton MRR I)
    • The suggestion made in this note, viz., that the notices in Livy regarding the Ludi in 202 were interchanged, has already been published by A. Aymard in REA 46 (1944) 247-257, even though he at the same time rejects Mommsen's view that the dictatorship of C. Servilius ended by the Ides of March, 201, along with the auspices that created it, and holds that it was limited only by its term of 6 months. Scullard (Roman Politics, 220-150 BC, 81) holds that the Aediles of the Plebs of 202 celebrated the Epulum Iovis in November, were then found to be improperly elected at the late date and abdicated. As there were as yet no new incumbents elected to office for 201 by April 19 the Dictator was empowered by decree of the the Senate to celebrate the "Cerealia ludos". The notices in Livy regarding the Dictator, the elections, and the Aediles of the Plebs raise a major difficulty. According to 30.39.8 the Aediles of the Plebs performed the Epulum Iovis and the games attendant upon it, which would be the Ludi Plebei celebrated on Nov. 13, but were found to be vitio creati and abdicated their magistracy. The Dictator and the Master of Horse performed the "Cerialia ludos" the date of which is about April 19, in accordance with a decree of the Senate. According to 30.39.4-5 the Dictator was appointed rather late in the year by the Consul to hold the elections for 201 but because of storms was unable to do so with the result that on March 15 of 201 the state was without curule magistrates. Confirmation of the activity of the Dictator toward the end of the consular year is found in 30.40.4, where it is stated that the Dictator postponed the senatiorial hearing for the Carthaginian and Macedonian envoys until the new Consuls could grant them a Senate meeting. The term "curule magistrates" includes the Dictator and Master of Horse (Mommsen, Str, 1.401, note 6), who could not remain in office after the expiration of the auspices which governed their appointment (Mommsen, Str. 2.153 and 160, note 4; cf. Liv. 23.23.1, and 24.1-5 on M. Fabius Buteo in 216). Accordingly the Consuls of 201 were in all probability elected after an interregnum, and neither the Dictator of 203 nor the Dictator of 202 could have been in office to perform the "Cerialia ludos" on April 19 of 202 (see Bandel 143f.; Münzer, RE s. v. "Servilius," no. 60). If the Aediles of the Plebs for 202 could remain in office to perform the Epulum Iovis on Nov. 13 there was nothing to prevent them from performing the "Cerialia ludos" on April 19, 202, while those of 201 appear to have been regularly{319} elected and ready to perform their duties apart from the curule magistrates. Hunziger (D.- S. s. v. "Cerealia") suggests that the Ludi Ceriales were not yet ludi stativi and so were celebrated by the Dictator at some time after the abdication of the Aediles (cf. Habel, RE s. v. "Ludi Publici," col. 624) but a festival designated in capital letters on the calendars would almost certainly have a fixed date and the games would belong in that season. Mommsen finds no satisfactory explanation and thinks that there is some confusion in Livy's notice (Str. 1.607, note 1; cf. RMW 642, note 528). However, the chronological difficulties are solved if we suppose that the notices regarding games have been interchanged in Livy. Then the Aediles would have entered office in March, performed the "Cerialia ludos" on or about April 19 before they were compelled to abdicate, and the Dictator who was appointed later in the year would have performed the Epulum Iovis and the games in November. We owe this suggestion to Professor Lily Ross Taylor. (Broughton MRR I)
    • Dict. 202 (comitiorum habendorum causa). See MRR 2.316 and 318-319, and note 1. A. Aymard (REA 46, 1944, 244-257, esp. 247-254) had already advanced the suggestion made in MRR that the notices about the Ludi had been interchanged in Livy's text (30.39.4-8), but he did not accept Mommseri's view that the dictator's term ended on March 15, 201, with the end of the imperium of the consul who had named him (StR 2?.153, 160, note 4), but as he was named late in the year he could after March 15 continue until the conclusion of his six-month term. Scullard (Roman Politics 80-81, and note 1), though recognizing the rarity of examples of plebeian magistrates who had to resign because of faulty election, holds to Livy's report that the plebeian aediles of 202 held the Ludi Plebeii and the Epulum Iovis in November and then abdicated at that late date because of faulty election; the dictator, still in office on April 19, was empowered by the Senate to hold the Cerealia Ludos as the regular magistrates had not yet been elected. These Cerealia, reported in Livy under 202, were celebrated in 201. J. Jahn (Interregnum and Wahldiktatur 144-150) also holds that the dictator continued in office after the end of the consular year, and, without need of an interregnum, held in due course the elections which had been so portentously delayed by bad weather. (Broughton MRR III)
  • Proconsul 202 Etruria, Gallia (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • His imperium in Etruria was to be extended while the Consul M. Servilius remained in Rome (Liv. 30.27.5-6, 38.6, and 39.3-5). See above, Dictator. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Decemvir Agris Assignandis 201 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Elected through the Pr. Urbanus to assign land in Samnium and Apulia to veterans who had served under Scipio in Africa (Liv. 31.4.1-3, and 49.5). On Villius, see Lübker, no. 1, on Quinctius, no. 4. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Decemvir Agris Assignandis 200 (Broughton MRR I) Expand
    • Liv. 31.49.5. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Duovir Aedi Dedicandae 194 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • Dedicated an aedes of Jove on the Island (Liv. 34.53.7). (Broughton MRR I)
  • Pontifex Maximus 183 to 180 (Rüpke 2005) Expand
    • M. Sempronius Tuditanus (95) succeeded P. Licinius Crassus (Dives) as pontifex. C. Servilius Geminus succeeded P. Licinius Crassus (Dives) as pontifex maximus. Liv. 39.46.1. (Broughton MRR I)
  • Pontifex 180 (Rüpke 2005)